Alcoholism is a major problem that is affecting many families in the world today. It is also
referred to as alcohol use disorder. Alcoholism is a condition where a given individual or a
group of people in the society are addicted to alcohol in such a way that they cannot live their
normal lives without taking the drink (Palmisano & Pandey, 2017). Various studies have
addressed alcoholism and the effects that it causes in society. Borges et al., (2016) links
alcoholism to suicide attempts, Palmisano & Pandey (2017) associate alcoholism with
various epigenetic mechanisms and stress-related disorders. Demirakca et al., (2011) notes
the fact that alcoholism has various detrimental effects on the function of the brain hence
affecting the lives of the people and their loved ones in the families as well as the society as a
whole. The effects, therefore, show that it is necessary for the people in the society to deal
with the problem of alcoholism to the benefit of the society. This study focusses on the
literature review regarding what alcoholism is, the effects that it has on the lives of the
society as well as the lives of the individuals in general and the strategies that can be put in
place to deal with the problem. Potter-Efron & Carruth, (2014) notes that the alcoholics face
some kind of guilt in their lives that affect their day to day activities, and most of the time, it
may negatively affect their confidence levels.
Alcoholism and its effects on the lives of the people in society
Potter-Efron & Carruth (2014) link alcoholism with shame and guilt. The understanding of
some of the effects or all of the effects of alcoholism is important in the recovery process,
especially in the case where a person is hooked to the habit of drinking alcohol. The book by
Potter-Efron & Carruth, (2014) also defines the elusive terms that of shame and guilt and
gives suggestions on what the therapists that treat alcoholism should do ensure that the
alcoholics have stopped the habit and that their lives have improved tremendously. The book
also gives important information on how the cases of shame and guilt should be dealt with in
society to prevent its harmful effects on the lives of the people in the society. #
Demirakca et al. (2011) notes the fact that alcoholism negatively affects the cerebral function.
The effects are dire in the alcoholics if they are not death with accordingly. However, the
authors note the fact that the effects that alcoholism has on the cerebral function, metabolism,
and volume may be reversible with continued abstinence. Demirakca et al. (2011) also note
that there are different effects that alcohol has on brain volumes for women compared to the
men. However, they note that there are several inconsistencies on the interaction between
gender and alcohol. The study by Demirakca et al., (2011) examined the global changes in
the global gray matter and the white matter as well as the local and the regional Gray matter
changes that are detected by the voxel-based morphometry among the male and the women
alcoholic patients after a few weeks of detoxification. The study confirmed that there was
widespread cerebral volume loss in the alcoholics that had undergone detoxification recently.
It, therefore, means that the effects that alcoholism has on the brain are notable. The problem
of alcoholism should therefore be dealt with accordingly to ensure that the health of the
people in the society is safeguarded for the benefit of the society.
In a study conducted by Moonat & Pandey (2012) on stress, epigenetics, and alcoholism, the
authors note that both the acute and the chronic stressors that people face in their lives are
associated with the alterations in the mood and an increase in anxiety that may lead to the
development of the stress-related psychiatric disorders. The authors note that alcoholism is
one of the causes of anxiety among the people in the society, which is a situation that affects
the lives of the people in the society. The paper also notes that the use of alcohol may be used
in relieving the anxiety symptoms hence resulting in self-medication. One notable thing that
comes up in the paper is the fact that alcohol may be used positively to relieve the stress-
related symptoms among the people for the benefit of society. Moonat & Pandey (2012) also
note the fact that the acute and the chronic stressors may make a person to take alcohol and
may make a recovered alcoholic to relapse hence negatively affecting the gains made as far
as fighting alcoholism is concerned. The authors also inform that various forms of stress
which include the severe acute stress such as the one that is experienced in the post-traumatic
stress disorder are likely to increase the rate at which people consume alcohol and may lead
to an increase of alcoholism among the people in the society. According to the authors, early
exposure to alcohol and acute withdrawal may make the people in the society to be more
vulnerable to alcohol consumption, which is harmful to their lives. The paper, therefore,
provides important information that can be used in studying the topic.
Borges et al., (2016) researched how the use of alcohol can increase the risk of suicide
attempt among the people in society. The results of the study indicated that the use of alcohol
could be associated with a suicide attempt, particularly in high doses. Such information is
important in the fight against alcoholism, and the fight against the escalating suicide rates that
are robbing the society of its working force and in so doing their lives are negatively affected.
Palmisano & Pandey (2017) assessed the epigenetic mechanisms of alcoholism and stress-
related disorders. The authors name stress-related disorders as early life stress, anxiety, and
PTSD. The above stress-related disorders are blamed as the factors that increase the rate of
alcoholism among the people in society. Alcohol may be used as a temporary relief to the
problems, and that is what explains why their rate of consumption is very high among the
people. The authors confirm that the stress-related issues and alcoholism have the potential
of causing psychiatric disorders and the responsible use of alcohol may be used in dealing
with the problem. It, therefore, means that the moderation of alcohol intake may play an
important role in relieving the symptoms of stress among the people in society and may
improve the lives of the people in the society.
In conclusion, alcoholism is a problem that affects many people in society and has to be dealt
with accordingly for the benefit of society. It should be noted that many people in society
have faced the problem of alcoholism, and it has affected the way they live and the way they
interact with each other in society. One of the most important things is to ensure that the
people who are faced with the problem of alcoholism are well rehabilitated and the problems
that they have dealt with for the benefit of the society.
Borges, G., Bagge, C. L., Cherpitel, C. J., Conner, K. R., Orozco, R., & Rossow, I. (2016). A
meta-analysis of the acute use of alcohol and the risk of a suicide
attempt. Psychological Medicine, 47(5), 949-957. doi:10.1017/s0033291716002841
Demirakca, T., Ende, G., Kämmerer, N., Welzel-Marquez, H., Hermann, D., Heinz, A., &
Mann, K. (2011). Effects of Alcoholism and Continued Abstinence on Brain
Volumes in Both Genders. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, no-no.
Moonat, S., & Pandey, S. C. (2012). Stress, epigenetics, and alcoholism. Alcohol research:
current reviews, 34(4), 495.
Potter-Efron, R., & Carruth, B. (2014). Shame, Guilt, and Alcoholism: Treatment Issues in
Clinical Practice. London, England: Routledge.
Palmisano, M., & Pandey, S. C. (2017). Epigenetic mechanisms of alcoholism and stress-
related disorders. Alcohol, 60, 7-18. doi:10.1016/j.alcohol.2017.01.001