The planning of the site is a critical factor of consideration in any of the architectural operation and planning. To enhance the sustainability
The role of an architect in the construction of buildings involves the formation of the preliminary architectural designs like drawing the structural plan. For instance, the plan must include the floor designs, elevations, roof plans, planning the site the location and orientation of the building. The reason as to why architectural site planning is important it’s because there some crucial components that ought to be considered. For example, a site must contain these basic elements; accessibility, driveways, healthy air circulation, proper land topography, effective parking area, good drainage, security and privacy among other factors. Also, site planning is influential in the environmental effectiveness. Proper site planning must meet the needs of people and the conservation of the environment. In that connection, sustainable site plan and design is a tool that operates to integrate green infrastructure into the advancement of the developmental projects.
Architectural site planning and design is a comprehensive activity that demands a collaborative process for it to be sustainable and effective. Sustainable site designing and planning cannot stand alone; however, it is structured into various interfaces to ensure satisfaction of both individuals and the society at large. This means that there is need for an interconnection between citizens and the body of professionals since everybody has a role to play in the actualization of the site planning. The interrelationship between these actors in producing sustainable architectural design and plan are essential in promoting social, economic and environmental concerns. Sustainable site planning promotes the quality of the architectural and economic advantages.
The architects’ plan and design incorporates a diversity of applications. The plan or the design might be large or small considering the demand of the client and the project type. The design might be residential, institutional, commercial structures and industrial plans. There are four major concepts of sustainability that ought to be considered when planning and designing the site. These concepts include transportation, sites design, management and selection and storm water control. Therefore, the location, the construction design, operations as well as management are essentially significant in the sustainability of the site. Also, site planning must agree with the continuous process of the development sustainability based on the three underlying concepts of sustainable development; social (quality improvement); economic (wealth acquisition) and environment (reduction of the natural environment design impacts).
In conclusion, the role of an architect is more than building designs. An architect is also responsible for the design and environmental enhancement to improve the quality of the individual, society and increment of the self-esteem among the citizens. Therefore, the architects ought to collaborate with other stakeholder to enhance effective site planning and design. Additionally, the architect should ensure adherence of the legal requirements regarding the construction of buildings and follow the government laws.