Chapter 11 addresses the architecture of inequality, focusing on race and ethnicity. The author
notes that most of the people in the United States of America had mixed feelings about the
election of President Barack Obama. The feelings came mostly because he is black, which is a
situation that shows the extent to which racism has been embraced by the people in the United
States of America instead of the people doing their best to deal with it for the betterment of the
society in general. One problem that comes as a result of the racial diversity in the United States
of America is that some people think that they are superior to the others in the society because
they think that their race is better than the other. Being proud of one’s race is completely okay,
but it is not okay when the people in the society think that their race is better than that of the
others to the extent that they use it as an excuse to violate the rights of the others in the society.
One of the baffling things is when one thinks that he or she is better than the others because of
the appearance of the skin. The author wants the readers to think about their opinion about the
election of Barack Obama to be the president of the United States of America.
The author notes that race and ethnicity are bigger than biology. Biology will determine whether
a person is born black or white. The other aspects of culture that makes a person have a cultural
identity sociological. According to chapter 11, there are some forms of stratification in the
individual races that occur as a result of the changes in the financial prowess among the people.
The author notes that the Brazilians that climb the class ladder through economic and educational
achievement may find themselves in a rather elevated racial category because of the
achievements that they have made in society. Interesting information that the author presents to
the readers is the fact that the infertile women that are looking for invitro-fertilization in Ecuador
tend to look for racial quality by seeking the white egg donors. There are problems in what the
infertile women are doing, and that includes promoting racial inequality in society. Such a
practice makes the people think that white is the best race and that black is an inferior race,
which is not the case. Racial discrimination is a challenge in society because some people
promote it, but they are not aware that they are doing it.
Chapter 11 recognizes the fact that many people that belong to the black race have economic
challenges, which leads to many problems that they are facing in society. The black people,
therefore, need to walk with their heads high and be encouraged to pursue various
accomplishments that will improve their lives, and in so doing, they may reduce the gap between
the poor and the rich. The whites also need to work harder, and all the people in the society are
supposed to be dedicated to dealing with the problems of racial inequality in the society to
improve the lives of the people in the society.
The author also addresses the histories of oppression and inequality. It is important to assess the
histories of oppression and inequality as a way of finding solutions to the problems that people
are facing in society. Chapter 11 addresses the issues about Native Americans, Latinos, African
Americans, Asian Americans as well as Muslim Americans. The other important thing addressed
in the paper is the cultural ideology of racism.