Paris Erma wrote the article Canada Multiculturalism is our identity for the Globe
and Mail and was published on 28 April, 2018. The main aim of the article was to highlight
the origin of the multiculturalism in Canada, its importance to Canadians and how it has
impacted their social life. The article highlights that the need for multiculturalism came
from the main trigger which was the Quebec crisis of the 1960s and the 1970s. However, this
textual analysis outlines the success of multiculturalism in Canada and how people are
willing to accept people from other social cultural and economic backgrounds.
After the Quebec crisis, the government of Lester B Pearson formed a commission
that will help in diffusing the issue. However, according to Pal Yuzyk, a senator, the issue
needed a multicultural approach and not bicultural approach that would include everyone in
Canada. After the suggestion, the prime minister Trudeau introduced the M-multiculturalism
to the house of commons. The prime minister added that apart from being a bilingual
country, Canada will also accept the citizen culture language and the religions of all their
citizens. However, the multiculturalism lost its identity and evolved into an ingrained value
and shared identity among most Canadians.
As a result of the approach, Canada has an increased mutual interaction, most of the
newcomers in the country have a college degree and their second generation are twice as
likely to go to college and the Canadian citizenship rights are high. (Paris, 2018) According
to Prime ministers statement that ‘no single culture could define Canadians’, the country has
promoted citizenship. It has encouraged obeying the law and paying taxes. As a result,
Canada has emerged as an integrated and successful multicultural nation.
One of the key features that make the article successful is the chronological
arrangement of how the multiculturalism came about in Canada. The author first highlights
the causes of the multiculturalism. Outlines the strategies the government proposed, how the
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senators shaped the approach and finally how the idea was adopted by prime minister
Trudeau who adopted it in the M-Multiculturalism and introduced it to the house of
commons. In doing so, a reader will systematically follow the events and understand how
the approach was developed and finally adopted.
The article has also outlined a number of key surveys and researches that shows the
situation of multiculturalism in Canada. From the statistics, it is easy and straightforward to
determine the success of the multiculturalism in the identity of the Canadians. When
introduced in 1970 by Prime minister Trudeau, Multiculturalism lost its hockey qualities but
was ingrained in the Canadians collective value. According to a survey in 1985, Canadian
ranked the multiculturalism at number ten in terms of what made them proud of their country.
In 2006, in response to the same question, they placed it at number two. Additionally,
according to a survey in 2015 by Environics poll, that is outlined in the article, it shows that
95% of the Canadians agreed that the immigrants were likely to be as good citizens as the
native of Canada (Paris, 2018). The article also outlines that in 2017, according to the
Canadian Studies associations outlined that the Canadians were ‘’increasingly comfortable
with the diversity’’ (Paris, 2018). Therefore, people from other countries and immigrants
have the same level of life satisfaction just like the other immigrants.
The article has done an excellent job in highlighting that multiculturalism is a success
in Canada, However, the article has a few shortcomings. It has outlined there are several
outbreaks of xenophobia in the country and has failed to outline or show any approaches that
the country is doing to reduce the breaks. Additionally, the article has been general in
outline the multicultural and did not outline the specific details about the culture. It was also
general in outlining how the multiculturalism has been ingrained in the Canadians culture
after it evolved.
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The article has clearly outlined the success of multiculturalism in Canada. It has
outlined the cause and the need of the multicultural and how the government was able to
address the Quebec crisis. Additionally, Canadians have generally accepted multiculturalism
and it is one of the things that most of them are proud of. In that regard, the country culture
cannot be defined by one culture but rather by all those culture present in the country as
outlined by the article.
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Paris, E. (2018, April). Canada's Multiculturalism Is Our Identity. Globe and Mail,