Behaviorism is also referred to as behavioral psychology, which is a learning theory that is based on the idea that all the behaviors that redisplayed by the people are acquired through conditioning. Humanism, on the other hand, refers to an ethical and democratic stance that argues that human beings have the right and responsibility to add meaning to their lives. Cognitivism is a learning theory that focuses on the learning processes as opposed to the observed behavior. Social Cognitive Theory is a learning theory that gives a description of the influence that the individual experiences, the actions of the other people have on the individual health behaviors of the other people in society. Constructivism, on the other hand, refers to a learning theory that is applied in the learning process that recognizes the learner’s understanding and knowledge that is based on their experiences before they enter school.
Behaviourism affects andragogy in such a way that it leads to the development of communication skills among the doctors, which makes them conduct challenging consultations. Humanism, on the other hand, affects andragogy because it enables the individual to be in charge of his or her own learning process. Cognitivism helps in understanding ways in which human beings understand new information, which helps in understanding the situations that affect the mental status of the learners hence help in the learning process. Social Cognitive Theory helps in understanding the role of the context in the learning process and may help the curriculum makers to design various learning models that will be important for the learners. Constructivism, on the other hand, gives important information on what people learn by doing, reflecting, and finding solutions to the problems that they experience in their day to day lives.
Schunk, D. H. (2012). Learning theories an educational perspective sixth edition. Pearson.