Conspiracy to commit a crime is an inchoate or incomplete crime that involves an explicit or implied agreement among people to carry out a criminal act (Robinson, 2017). There must be an overt act to commit the crime. An example is when one person pans to carry out a bank robbery and calls for a meeting with other people. Attending the meeting suffices to prosecute everyone who attends the meeting as a conspiracy to commit the crime.
On the other hand, a solicitation to commit a crime refers to an incomplete crime involving requesting, inviting, hiring, commanding or encouraging another individual to carry out a criminal offense (Robinson, 2017). During prosecution, it must be proved that a defendant intended the other individual to do what the defendant suggested. This means that making a joking suggestion to assault a person but this is taken seriously will not amount to solicitation to commit a crime. The defendant must invite, request, command and encourage that the crime is committed. An example is when Job asks John to assault Dan but John refuses. However, he is bribed to commit the act. In this case, the job has solicited John.
· Robinson, P. (2017). The Structure and Limits of Criminal Law. Routledge.