Culture – is the collection of value, beliefs, knowledge, norms, language, behavior, and material objects shared by a people and socially transmitted from generation to generation.
The process by which people learn their culture is called socialization.
The Elements of Culture
Culture can be classified into two:
The elements of culture are as follows:
The above elements of culture can further be categorized into three distinctive groups:
|Culture in our heads||Communicating Culture||Objects|
|· The artefacts of culture|
Cultural, Ideology, and Power
Dominant Culture, Subcultures, and Countercultures
High culture and popular culture.
The Commercialization of Culture
Culture: Consensus and conflict
The Critics of Multiculturalism
Refers to participation in a wide range of public activities aimed at promoting or contesting culturally specific ideas and practices.
The concept of cultural activism has been reviewed in three forms:
Culture and Globalization
There has been a media-driven globalization of culture. This can be illustrated by:
In Nigeria, the film industry has exploded, coming to be known as Nollywood. Nigeria is now the world’s second-largest movie producer. The country’s cinemas have also been dominated by Western films. This to some extent influences the content of their movies
Social structure; it is invisible- we cannot see it by naked eyes.
Creating and changing social structure; we usually experience social structure as unchanging pattern of everyday life that seems permanent, natural and invertible.
Status and role: connecting everyday life and social structure
Status; position in a social system that can be occupied by an individual. Status can either be;
Micro-level interaction: finding patterns
It is explained in two ways;
Breaching experiment; social situations in which the individuals involved intentionally break social rules, violating basic norms and patterns of behaviors.it provides creative and often humorous elastration of micro- level social structure.
meso- level social structure
organizations and structure
Macro- level social structure
Structure, function, and interrelationship among social institution
How structures changes action
Technology and action: telephone to smart phone
The evolution of phone is a good example of the way human action interacts with technology evolution to determine the impact of those technology on social structure.
To understand technology, we must have an insight of;