IDEA requires that the various schools to provide some special education to those students who have learning issues. Some kids have attended as well as learning issues, and these can be categorized into 13 conditions as listed below:
This condition entails a lot of related topics. In this group, the ability of the child to read, write, speak, reason and listen are severely affected (Baines). The problems that can potentially fall in this group are; Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia, Auditory processing disorder, and Non – Verbal Learning disability.
This is the umbrella that covers the various conditions which act as the limiting factors to the strength of a child, their energy and their capability to remain alert. An example of such a situation is ADHD.
This refers to a disability that generally affects the development, and it has a wide range of skills and symptoms (Baines). Usually, this changes the communication and social skills of a child and to some extent change communication.
The children in this category run the risk of acquiring a series of mental disorders. These disorders include anxiety, schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder.
This category entails a set of communication problems. These can consist of; stuttering, voice or language impairment and impaired articulation.
Any child who has issues that are vision related are considered to have a visual impairment. These conditions are inclusive of blindness or partial sight. If such a complication can be corrected using eyewear, then it does not qualify.
The children who have been diagnosed to suffer from deafness have vision impairment (Clinton). These children are not at a position to synthesize the language through hearing.
This term refers to a loss of hearing which is not under cover of deafness. This loss is not constant, and it fluctuates over and over again (Clinton). Hearing impairment cannot be equated to auditory processing disorder.
The children who have been diagnosed under this category have both visual as well as hearing impairments. These conditions are very significant to the extent that the deaf programs cannot help them and neither can they be helped by the plans for the blind.
These are any impairments that are on the body of the child, and it does not matter what caused such an impairment.
The children who fall in this category have an intellectual ability that is below – average. These children could also have poor communication, poor self – care and poor social skills (Disability Categories). An example in this category is Down’s syndrome.
This is a kind of brain injury which could be as a result of an accident or a sort of physical force which impacted the brain.
A child who falls in this category of the conditions covered with IDEA has more than one of the requirements (MacLeod, et al). When the child has one or more of these conditions, then, much needs in education are supposed to be met.
Baines, AnnMarie D. (un)learning Disability: Recognizing and Changing Restrictive Views of Student Ability. 2014.
Clinton, Amanda B. Assessing Bilingual Children in Context: An Integrated Approach. 2014.
Disability Categories : Web-Based Resources. Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2013.
MacLeod, Stuart M, et al. Optimizing Treatment for Children in the Developing World. 2015.