There are various issues that divide the population. Philosophers have talked about most of these issues. For instance, Don Marquis talks about how abortion is one of the long-standing issue. The assumption is that it is seriously wrong to kill us (human beings). From a philosophical approach the question is what makes it wrong? Killing does deprive us of the value of our future. It deprives us of what we value or what we would have valued later. Philosopher Marquis takes implications to bolster account. It is wrong to kill infants. Secondly, there is no case that only biologically human life can have a great moral worth. Thirdly, it is seriously wrong to kill existing non-human mammals. Even in ancient and medieval times, people also engaged in abortion acts (Shafer-Landau 20). In China and Egypt, herbs were used to induce abortion. The medieval period saw developments in methods like use of forceps and anesthesia. As expected, with the development of methods of abortion also comes strong opposition. The issue of abortion remains a major controversy globally. However, there continue to be liberal ideas mostly from feminism which are pushing for legalization of abortion. The issue of abortion hinges on the question of personhood. According to Shafer-Landau (34), nearly everyone believes that persons have a special moral status. What is known as elective abortion is the one which is the request of a woman for reasons other than maternal health or fatal disease. In most cases abortion is the choice of the woman to terminate their own pregnancy simply because they don’t want the baby. They point out that abortion is already rampant though unbeknown to the public. Abortions are done in make-shift clinic by people without professional medical background. This puts the life of the mother in a dangerous situation. 8 out of 10 of abortions lead to development of complications. In consideration of these findings, pro-choice groups argue that legalizing abortions would mean they take place in medical settings thus ensuring the safety of the mother. They also believe that victims of rape, sexual trafficking or even incest who end up pregnant should be given the right for abortion since they did not want to have the baby in the first place. On the other side, religious groups and pro-life groups argue that abortion is synonymous to murder which is a mortal sin. According to them life begins in conception and aborting the fetus even in its earliest stages ends a life which is murder.
I am from a Christian family and abortion is against my religion. However, I remember this day well. It was on a Tuesday when I was walking down a particular corridor on the campus when I met my best friend crying. She was coming from the counseling room to deal with the trauma she had developed from a sexual assault that had taken place in her life and was starting to rear its ugly post-traumatic head.
She always tried to be a good student. She loved the university and her course but it was becoming really difficult to get the work done. I talked to her as I composed her and she was making the humiliating decision to ask for some extra time. She narrated her ordeal and it was bad. She had this disastrous, sexually and physically abusive relationship with this guy who used to threaten her. He used to claim to send other people to kill her. She even one time told me how the guy assaulted her in her own bed one time.
Unfortunately broke the news that she was pregnant and she wanted to terminate the pregnancy. I was shocked at her idea considering my religious background. I remember my grandmother’s words that abortion is equal to murder which made me terrified. My best friend was having post-traumatic stress disorder and depression as a result of the pregnancy of a guy who assaulted her. She felt desperate for my advice on whether to go for it or continue with the pregnancy. I was confused. I evaluated her situation. At last, I advised her to keep the baby for the sake of her health and preserve the life of the unborn baby. I had to follow what I believe.
In conclusion, abortion remains a controversial issue even for me. However, I feel that abortion is the worst thing a woman can do against human dignity. I feel that it is a crime against life. As a religious person, I feel that abortion is immoral and should not be legalized. Besides, abortion is a threat to the health of the mother. A woman can suffer infections or internal bleeding. She can also become sterile and permanently never bear a child again. Abortion not only kills the baby but might kill the mother too.
It is also very painful. In fact, 97% of women report severing pain even when anesthesia is used. I feel I made the right choice and save the life of my friend and the unborn baby. In addition, there are many complications after an abortion such as inflammation of the reproductive organs. From Unicef stats, more than 250,000 women die each yea from abortion. Therefore, legalizing abortion would not only increase the fetal deaths but as well as the mothers too.
More is the fact that a woman who undergoes an abortion is highly likely to suffer from psychological problems that could last for a lifetime. Those who abort suffer severe traumas. I couldn’t bear the pain of my friend having feelings of worthlessness. She would regret entirely in her life for failing at the most natural of human activities, the role of being a mother. I didn’t want my friend to realize when it is too late that her baby deserved to have the chance of living.
Do women have the right to abort? From my own perspective, abortion is murder. It is killing a person and that is illegal. Why should a fetal murder be legal? Research has shown life begins at the moment of conception in the mother’s uterus. Therefore abortion ends a human life and should not be allowed.
Shafer-Landau, Russ. ” Fundamentals Of Ethics.” 3rd Edition ISBN: 978-0-19-999723-7.