2. Define pilgrimage (Campo 41).
Pilgrimage is the process in which one follows to go on a journey in search of the moral
significance of a belief, religion or anything that they hold dear to their heart. The religious
people are known to go for many pilgrimage trips that help them in understanding their religious
identity. Some people are known to visit the Disney world as part of their pilgrimage.
3. Discuss Juan Campo’s three types of pilgrimage groups (Campo 40).
Juan Campo has three types of pilgrimage groups which include pilgrimages of organized
religion, cultural religion, and the civil religion. In the pilgrimages of organized religion, the
ritual activities are formalized and are carried out around the temples and shrine complexes. The
authority is concentrated upon a male priest, and the lay membership takes up the minority
membership in the organization. In the pilgrimage of the civil religion, involves the case where
the people in the United States of America embarked on a journey to reconstruct the sacred
symbols that are drawn from the national history. On the other hand, the pilgrimage of the
cultural religion is the practice of the people to reconstruct the origin of their culture and beliefs
in the society.
4. How would you organize the following: Mount Rushmore, Graceland, Gettysburg,
Disneyland, and The Mormon Temple?
Mount Rushmore, Graceland, Gettysburg, Disneyland, and The Mormon Temple can be well
organized. People can visit Mount Rushmore and recall the historical events that took place there
as a way of conducting the pilgrimage. The interested parties can visit Graceland as a way of
understanding the surroundings. Disneyland is one of the places where the entertainment
industry gets its inspiration, and the Mormon temple can be organized as a place that will help
the others to understand religion.
5. How does Disneyland serve as a “rite of passage”? (Aronstein 58-59).
Disneyland acts as a rite of passage because it brings the people to the United States of America
together. Parents and the extended family together with their toddlers visit the place as a bonding
experience. The Americans have valued it in such a way that they have to make sure that their
children go to a pilgrimage to Disneyland at least once in their lifetime. It is a culmination of all
the dreams and hope of the Americans.
6. How is religion a function of modernity? (Arnal 4-5, 7).
Religion is an artificial assemblage of specific social behavior that is that is different from the
other social behaviors, and the basis from the difference is a function of specific characteristics
of modernity. Modernity has shaped religion in many ways in such a way that the texts that the
people read in the religious congregation and functions are presented using the latest technology
that helps the individuals to understand better. Modernity has also led to the modification of
religion as things change. Religion will always look for ways of dealing with the issues that arise
as a result of modernity. They will come up with moral standards that control the way the people
behave in a given society.
7. How does the Disney ideology work to “retain a positive or utopian orientation”?
The Disney ideology gives the Americans a sense of belonging and is something that gives a
positive orientation in the society. It collects and segregates the fantastic. It helps the people to
move from the everyday reality and to have a good time with the people that they love. It,
therefore, promotes family bonds as well as the friendship bonds in the society. The ideology,
therefore, retains the positive orientation of the society.
8. What is “Disney University”? (Wasko 92).
Disney University is a global training program that is tailored for the Disney employees all
around the world. It includes personal and professional development, Disney heritage and
traditions as well as well as the on the job training. It, therefore, improves the performance of the
9. What are some of the taboos “cast members” must avoid to “preserve the
‘magical’ guest experience”? (Wasko 92-94).
In Disneyland an employee should not use the term “I don’t Know,” should never break
character, should never point with just one finger, the employees are also supposed to pick trash
whenever they see it. The employees are also not allowed to use social media to discuss their
roles and are not supposed to have tattoos or body piercings.