Roca & Schuh (2018) projects the question, do people have free will? This is a famous question that concerns the philosophers all over the world. The mystery proves to be evoking arguments and debate for decades now. Many philosophers and psychologists have diverse perceptions when it comes to concluding whether human beings have free will or the concept of free will is an illusion. The idea of free will suggests that free will gives room for individuals to make their life decisions independently under no influence. However, human decisions and choices in life are influenced by a series of events and experiences encountered previously. Therefore, there is no existence of free will in the world. People are programmed to do what they ought to do from the compulsion of the previous life experiences; therefore, people have no free will.
Human actions result from a chain of experiences and events that begun long ago (the Big Bang/Creation Theory). Human activities must conform to the patterns of these theories for one to stay at peace. Therefore, human actions are determined by these chain of events. This is true because the brain reacts to the outside forces (Baumeister, 2008). The brain only perceives the concepts and ideas learned. As a result, the brain analysis just learned thoughts and ideas. Therefore, the man has no autonomy in the decisions made but rather a response to what has already been acquired through previous experiences and a series of events. Human beings are created of various elements that are deterministic. Every supportive premise attests that human brain operates under chemical processes that are deterministic. Also, human actions are built upon experiences and events encountered. Therefore, every rational decision is deterministic. All non-deterministic free will is perceived as an illusion (McAdams, 2013). This proves that human beings have no free will simply because free will is an illusion.
In the objection, human experiences and events do not only come from outside factors. For instance, the human brain can react on the individual memories (Ayer, 2016). This does not mean that memories are only external experiences. This proves that the brain doesn’t solely respond to the external influences only. Also, when we say that brain retrieves only the learned concepts and ideas, we tend to mean that there is no new formation of ideas and knowledge, which is wrong. Finally, saying that the previous experiences govern human actions, it wants to mean that the universe operates through chances rather than free will (Ayer, 2016). Therefore, these arguments suggest that there is no determinism implying that the primary argument is unsound.
In conclusion, the concept of free will provides some antagonistic spirit among the people. To some degree, there is free of will because people have the opportunities of making their independent decisions in life. Likewise, in some situations, there is no free will. People are compelled to act like robots. Human actions are programmed. Therefore, the concept of free will is an illusion that cannot be understood through philosophy and psychology understandings.
Ayer, A. J. (2016). Free will and rationality. In Free Will and Reactive Attitudes (pp. 49-58). Routledge. Retrieved from https://content.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/download?dac=C2015-0-87443-6&isbn=9781317133001&doi=10.4324/9781315583112-6&format=pdf
Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Free will in scientific psychology. Perspectives on psychological science, 3(1), 14-19. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1745-6916.2008.00057.x
McAdams, D. P. (2013). Life authorship: A psychological challenge for emerging adulthood, as illustrated in two notable case studies. Emerging Adulthood, 1(2), 151-158. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/2167696813481774
Roca, O. & Schuh, M. (2018). The Powerful Ideas: An Introduction to Philosophy. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.