Judaism is one of the religions that believe in a Monotheism. The early beliefs majorly
focused on multiple high-power Gods. Christianity and Islamic faiths emerged from Judaism
culture. Judaism emphasizes on the proper conduct of its followers initially through studying and
practicing Torah. The Torah if the foundation of both the bible and the Islamic Quran. Judaism is
more of the Mosaic covenant, while Christianity is focusing more on the new covenant (Rose,
2017). While Christians believe in individual salvation, Jewish believe in both individual and
collective participation, and they dialogue with God through prayer and mostly ethical actions.
In Judaism, the body and the soul go hand in hand. The soul accepts the body spiritually,
and the body finds life though its embrace with the soul. The Jewish call the soul "Kabbalah"
meaning the way we do things, the way we live and the things we care not to do. The body and
the soul work together; that is the soul ignites a divine spark within the body and lets it shine.
This shine is revealed in the way the Judaism believers carry themselves. Judaism has the
concept of free will, that is one chooses their actions (Rose, 2017). God creates the path, but the
believer chooses to follow the path.
Rules and Guidelines
In a way, the culture of Judaism is one that provides remedies and punishments for miss
actions that is undertaken by the believers. The Judaism law is written in the Torah; these laws
are personal and mostly a covenant between God and the individual. The Torah has about 613
Mitzvot’s, which is the same as laws, but they are translated in a variety of ways (Peters, 2018).
These rules sometimes conflict, and the Jewish solve these conflicts by letting the believers make
The Hebrew bible determined the role of Women in the oral law. The Jewish mentioned
female roles as bearing family lines. Traditionally the Jewish culture is passed to the sons and
daughters through the mother, but the children bars their fathers name. The Jewish had a culture
where the male gender could divorce the wife, but the wife could not decide to divorce the
husband. This is apparent oppression of women in their culture (Peters, 2018). The penal law for
the female and male gender was the same though there were commandments that were firmly
blamed on women like "do not commit adultery". The current Jewish law currently recognizes
the ambiguity in gender and this change was majorly affected in 1997 when the rest of the world
was changing their way of viewing women in the society.
Factions of Judaism
According to Schiffman (2019), the Jewish experience three denominations that are the
Orthodox, Conservative and Reform and these denominations also have small denominations
alongside in the United States. In Israel, the branches include Hloni, Haredi Judaism, Religious
Zionism and Masoretic. These denominations differ on various issues that is the level of
observance, a methodology for understanding and the way they interpret the Jewish law, textual
criticism and the role of God in their lives.
Discrimination in Judaism
Discrimination in the Judaism religion started in the Roman empire in the Judea province
back in 70BC. The Pharisees, the Essenes, Zealots and the Sadducees conflicted. This conflict
included the early Christians too. The Sadducees disagreed with the Pharisees, for instance, in
the belief of life after death. The Essenes opted for the Ascetic life while the Zealots went for
armed rebellion against the empire (Schiffman, 2019). These discriminations based on the
Judaism culture is decreasing and will decrease in time to come.
These religious discriminations can be avoided in places like workplaces and society at
large if we trust in the power of people coming from different backgrounds and appreciating the
fact that we have different religious beliefs.
Peters, F. E. (2018). The Children of Abraham: Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Vol. 83). Princeton
Rose, G. (2017). Judaism and modernity: Philosophical essays. Verso Books.
Schiffman, L. H. (2019). Scrolls, Testament and Talmud: Issues of Antisemitism in the Study of
Ancient Judaism. An End to Antisemitism! 193.