In 1939 there was a discovery that was made by a German physicist. They had learned the
secrets of how to split a uranium atom. Based on this discovery, there was the emergence of
rumors that the discovery of the use of uranium could be misused by the Nazi scientist. Where it
was feared that they would use it to produce a bomb that had the capability of creating
unimaginable destruction. With the effect that would come as a result of using the atomic bomb,
two individuals took it upon themselves to inform the president of the United States of the
dangers atomic bomb posed.
Albert Einstein had flown to the United States running away from the persecution of Nazi and
Enrico Fermi had also run away from the persecution that was being carried out by Fascist in
Italy. These are the two individuals who took it upon themselves to inform the president of the
dangers of atomic technology being in the possession of the Axis power. Albert Einstein wrote a
letter to the president urging him to come up with an atomic research program (Jones, 1985). The
president that is Roosevelt did not see any necessity in developing that project, he, however,
agreed to proceed slowly with the program. It was not until 1941 where plans were underway to
design and build an atomic bomb that saw the project develop the code name Manhattan Project.
The project was placed under the direction of the office of scientific research and development,
which was deaded by Vanner Bush.
When the United States joined the world war II, the war department was granted joint
responsibility for the project. This was because, by mid-1942, it was apparent that a big number
of pilot plants. Manufacturing and laboratory facilities were going to be constructed by the U.S
Army, this was going to assists army officers to undertake their mission. The Officers in
Manhattan District were officially assigned to manage the construction works, this was because
the early research had begun at Columbia University which is in Manhattan.
There was increased funding of the projected and this fostered it to record advance achievement
and develop at a very high rate. Several nuclear plants were built in various parts of the country
with the main assembly plant built on Los Alamos, New Mexico. This was a highly classified
plant as it required high secrecy. The Germans and the Japanese were not supposed to get wind
of the project. An agreement had been reached between Roosevelt and Churchill which was to
make sure that Stalin did not get to know about the project (Gosling, 1999). Therefore, no public
awareness or debt was ever recorded. The secrecy of the project was protected, even Vice-
President Truman did not know about the project, he came to learn of it when he became the
For the Manhattan project to achieve the intended objective, several projects that it had to
undertake were to be done simultaneously. The production of the explosives was to be done as
soon as possible so that they could be tested. It was after the actual testing that the materials
produced would be turned into an actual weapon.
It was until 1945 that two bomb designs were proposed: One was a newly discovered imitative,
plutonium whereas the other bomb was utilizing enriched uranium. Upon, testing the impact of
the bombs, it was the uranium bomb that had the tremendous effect that the developers of it were
amazed by the strength the nuclear explosives contained. The testing of the bomb saw the testing
of the first atomic bomb in the world. In testing the bomb, they were fixed to a 100-foot tower,
upon which it was discharged before dawn. The results of the testing of the bomb were things
that no party had prepared itself to.
There was a blinding flash which was visible 200 miles away, it actually lit up the morning sky.
There was a mushroom cloud which reached above 40,000 feet, as result windows in civilian
homes were blown away, the effect could be felt by civilians who lived 100 miles away. After
everything had settled, there was a large crater that had been created as a result of blowing off
the atomic bomb. A cover-up developed to make sure that the project remained to be a secret, the
cover-up was that there was a huge ammunition dump that had exploded in the desert.
It was at this stage when the world was welcomed to the atomic era. This saw increased
preparation for war by various countries and more so the Axis power. They had to make sure that
they were not left behind in the development of an atomic bomb. They had gotten wind of the
information that the United States had developed an atomic bomb and as a result they wanted to
catch up. The Manhattan project can be said to have revolutionized war since it embraced
technological advancement to come up with a bomb that had dire impact and effect. Manhattan
project played a crucial role in making the United States military to be powerful up-to-date.
Gosling, F. G. (1999). The Manhattan Project. Washington, D.C: United States Department of
Jones, V. C. (1985). MANHATTAN: The Army and the Atmoic Bomb. Washington, D.C: Center
of Military History.