3. Be totally honest here…what is your opinion of the novel thus far? If you dislike it are bored by it are confused by it etc. FEEL TOTALLY FREE TO SAY SO!!! I do not expect that everyone is going to be enthralled by the book and I am not going to penalize you for an honest opinion. Regardless of whether your reaction to the book is positive or negative though please explain WHY you feel the way that you do. Explain yourself a bit!
Lecture:The Great Gatsby Chapters 1-5
Since we’re a little getting to be around the halfway mark of the novel I figured it would be a good time to recap things that have gone on before and give you an idea of what to look for in this week’s chapter from Gatsby. This will also be the first week that a discussion board assignment will be based upon the lecture so as to semi-guarantee that you actually do read this stuff in the lecture section rather than just skip it or gloss it over and jump straight into the books (or Spark Notes). The next essay is not really all that entirely far around the corner however so don’t get too comfortable though!
So without further ado here we go with my fascinating lecture which reviews and emphasizes what we’ve been through so far with The Great Gatsby. Itdoesn’t go in perfect order chapter by chapter…I am simply trying to review and clarify major aspects of the book that I hope you have picked up on and if you haven’t now you may see. Here we go with fairly important highlights of the book characters and symbolism and whatnot so far:
I hope you noticed that Nick mentions that while he is related to Daisy and went to school with Tom he notes that he does not know them very well. This lets Nick as a character be integrated into the lives and socializing of Tom and Daisy easily and quickly since there is already a connection but also lets him (and you the reader) get to know them better and observe their actions and words with a certain sense of discovery and newness.
Notice that when you first see Daisy and Jordan Baker they are the only still objects (symbolically anyway) in the room and that Daisy here (and elsewhere throughout the book many times over) is associated with the color white. White being a symbol of purity and innocence it seems to suit Daisy at least at first and in a certain way but later in the book you may wish to ask yourself if Daisy is as pure and innocent as she first seems or at least if she is worthy of that purity that Gatsby sees in her.
As far as Tom Buchanan goes make note of how many things about him in Chapter 1 make him a person you would be a bit intimidated by and also dislike. His words are arrogant; his body is described as powerful and cruel; you know that he can be physically abusive; he reads and advocates a book calledRise of the Colored Empires that is proudly racist; he really only just barely cares if Daisy knows about his affair with another woman and the list goes on. Right away you should realize that Tom is unlikable and in a certain way even dangerous. Additionally when Tom and Myrtle go to the party at the McKee’s notice how it is obvious that Tom lies to Myrtle about why he doesn’t leave Daisy…he claims the Catholic religion won’t allow such a divorce so he has to remain with Daisy. This is a lie however and if you read into that it shows that while Tom likes having a little something something extra on the side he has no plans to become permanent with Myrtle. Several places in the book hint that she thinks they are going to somehow be permanent eventually however and that she is going to move up from her lowly social and economic class and be latched on to Tom for good. Myrtle is probably in for disappointment but so far she thinks she is going to be sitting pretty!
Make sure to notice the size and elaborateness of the parties that are thrown at Gatsby’s house throughout this summer. These are not parties where you put out some Lay’s potato chips and dip barbecue a few hot dogs and have a couple of Miller Genuine Drafts. These a huge social EVENTS that people simply appear at provided they are among the famous rich powerful influential etc. That huge list of names of attendees that begins one of the chapters is meant to indicate that; even though the reader will not actually know all those names (some of them are fictitious while some are real life people of the time who were very rich or are names close to real life people of time who were rich) the reader is meant to react to that list as if wow…those must be big shots! Additionally notice the preparation for these parties is enormous…huge crews are needed to set things up there are full bands waiters etc. Nick even notes that he is one of the very few people who gets invited to these parties; most people simply go because they know it is free booze free entertainment free food and social and professional networking before the days of Instagram and LinkedIn.
Also notice that Gatsby himself does not really attend his own parties…yes he is there on the property somewhere and he does circulate through the crowds a little but he does not advertise himself and most people know little about him. This results in many rumors circulating about him most of the sinister and yet these people still attend his parties. Why?Additionally when Nick gets invited to the party why would Gatsby want to make sure Nick of all people who is not rich or famous and who has never met Gatsby is at the party?Odd! And then there is also the moment when one of Gatsby’s staff specifically seeks out Jordan Baker for a word…hmm…wonder why….what is so important about Jordan being spoken to privately and what is so important about trying to get Nick to attend?
At all the parties notice the behavior of the attendees. They pretty much ruin the place every time and the parties almost always end with masses of drunken people fighting with each other crying crashing cars and so on. (Just like most weekends at my house!) These are the rich and famous acting in the most undignified of ways in the most elegant of settings. What do you think Fitzgerald is saying about people in general and a little more specifically about the rich and famous?
Once Nick does finally meet Gatsby make sure you notice the description of Nick’s reaction to the guy. From that point on as Gatsby does everything he can to befriend Nick notice the things Gatsby throws out there to impress Nick or reassure him. A lot of what Gatsby says does and so on is to throw a good light on himself. Why is he trying so hard? Why does he have to make a positive impression so badly particularly to Nick? Is it necessary? Are his words and claims honest? Are there any cracks in his facade?
Wolfsheim is a relatively minor character but will have some fair importance by the end of the book. Take a careful look at the scene where Nick and Gatsby join him for lunch…there are things in that scene that cast some doubt on him as a businessman and by association further doubt on Gatsby as well. Wolfsheim obviously is not entirely above the board in his dealings and Gatsby is an associate of Wolfsheim soooo….both you and Nick are to take much of what Wolfsheim (and Gatsby) say and do with a grain of salt. And speaking of being suspicious of people notice that on the way to lunch with Wolfsheim Gatsby and Nick get stopped by a police officer but then are let go simply because Gatsby has a card he shows the cop. He pretty literally has a get out of jail free card. How would a guy get a card that makes officers just let him go perhaps even be a little fearful of the holder of the card? Doesn’t that seem odd to you?
Other minor characters to keep tabs on when they do appear are Klipspringer and one that never gets truly named but simply goes by Owl-Eyes in Nick’s narration. Neither one is going to do anythingsuperhuge with the overall plot but will add something to later chapters symbolically and thematically so make sure to make notice of each one. Klipspringer is a guy who has basically moved in to Gatsby’s house and is just sort of there all the darn time leeching off of Gatsby. Owl-Eyes is the one who notes to Nick the oddities about Gatsby’s library and is also involved with that car accident on Gatsby’s property wherein a car is ruined in a ditch a wall gets damaged and yet Owl-Eyes blames everything else but himself for the incident. Make sure you notice how irresponsible Owl-Eyes is. He represents the lack of caring these rich people at Gatsby’s parties have and this will make some impact in the latter portion of the book but perhaps in a way a bit different from what you might expect.