In the year 1990, the body dealing with the protection of the environment made a
publication of a State Oil and Gas Exploration. These regulations included the guidelines for the
exploration of the gas as well as the management of wastes produced in the process. The purpose
of the process of review is to ensure that the document successfully manages the waste
production and makes the required improvements appropriately. Following this move in the year
2009, the corporation volunteered to have a program for hydraulic fracturing. The professionals
are adequately managing the Oklahoma program, and it is meeting the required objectives for
which it was initiated. This body in recent times has put in place the regulatory measures which
are necessary and appropriate to address the various rules which pertain to environmental
protection and conservation (Al Atwah, 2017). The bod has effectively put in place the
requirements for hydraulic fracturing which effectively ensures regulation of the completion of
The rule also provides a firm prohibition against any form of surface pollution, pollution
of the freshwater and other activities involved in the completion process. The rules are equally
designed to take care of the management of hydraulic fracturing operations. Before the process
of hydraulic fracturing process begins, it is a requirement by the body that the concerned parties
to conduct a visit to the site of the well where the drilling is taking place. It should come to your
attention that a notice is expected to reach OGCD before the process of fracturing the wells start.
Upon the completion of the well, it is required that a detailed report is filed appropriately by
OKLAHOMA STATE REGULATION AND FEDERAL REGULATION 3
those who are involved (Al Atwah). These are reasonable steps that every involved party in
hydraulic fracturing should go through.
There are several ways through which the surface owner can be made aware before the
drilling is done on his or her land. Oklahoma Corporation knows this so well that it has put some
measures through which the owner of the property is reached appropriately and made aware of
what is about to take place. Having in mind that there are several damages that which can result
from the process, there are several measures which are enforced to ensure that such happenings
are covered appropriately. Oklahoma has it that the damages can be agreed upon that in case of
an occurrence, they can be paid and this is the part of the agreements that are signed between
Oklahoma and the landowner before the drilling commences (Roach, T., 2018). The amount
which the surface owner obtains at the end of the negotiations is dependent on how much they
could get in the next two ways.
The second way to handle the damages if they occur after the drilling is done to assure
the surface owner that the reclamation process will begin immediately after the digging and the
surface owner can, therefore, begin the arbitration process which is statutory. This process is
well explained in the Oklahoma guide to Oil and Gas. The arbitration process is meant to work
for the surface owner without the need for a lawyer it is equally important to have one on board
to attest to the damages which have occurred (Roach, T., (2018). Finally, after the well is drilled
and the surface owner sees no response to the injuries that have occurred, the corporation allows
for such an individual to sue the corporation. Oklahoma, however, has excellent guidelines on
how to handle the damages which arise from drilling the well without much delay.
OKLAHOMA STATE REGULATION AND FEDERAL REGULATION 4
There are several requirements which are necessary for allowing the corporation to go
ahead with Drilling and fracking of the well. When all the elements are submitted to the relevant
authorities, there is a provision of a 90 – Day permit which can be used to carry out fracking and
drilling. Both the surface water and the groundwater and taken care of in a similar way. The
licenses can be gotten from the relevant offices on the same day. One requirement that is so
crucial is the permission of access by the landowner. The grant which is acquired from the
landowner to access the particular surface is a fundamental requirement by Oklahoma. The
permit provided for 90 days can quickly be canceled if there is some interference from the
domestic or riparian use (Foster, J., 2016). There are some issues which arise from the use of 90
– day permits.
The fees incurred on penalty are not as high as they should be. In other words, it can be
said that taxes which are collected by damages cannot compensate for the costs if the injuries
occur. The permit requires that there is an unbeaten record to verify the compliance and the time
consumption of the whole process. The amount of water that is usually requested is not the
amount of water that is always pumped and used, and this could call for a review of this policy to
make it look better and take care of these dynamics. The permit also covers typically up to a half
or a third of the total amount that is used in the drilling or fracking process (Foster, J., 2016). Oil
drilling and fracking is an activity that is bound to continue for quite a long period and therefore
the logistics of getting the permission are necessary.
OKLAHOMA STATE REGULATION AND FEDERAL REGULATION 5
The prevention of oil spills is a part of the regulations that the corporation is very keen to
observe and ensure that it is properly covered. The plan is necessary since the corporation carries
multiple drills and fracking of the wells quite often. For the corporation to enforce these
regulations, there are several requirements which are necessary, and the guidelines which are
provided for the same are required to ensure that the responsibilities and the measures are
properly in control (Gade, M., 2018). The department of safety is necessary to ensure that the
essential factors are appropriately put in place before the process is initiated.
The department is expected to inspect the facilities and see into it that the required
policies are complying with the plan. The department should equally ensure that they investigate
the environmental releases appropriately. They are responsible for coordinating the pieces of
training and availing the materials that are required for training and keeping of the records. The
fact that there is a possibility that the oil might spill during the pumping of the fuel calls for
someone to be present to monitor this process and see into it that the spill is avoided as much as
possible (Gade, M., 2018). In case the spill gets to the storm water, there are relevant policies
that are to curb the possibility.
Oklahoma recognizes perfectly well that there is the possibility of fire outbreak in the
process of drilling and fracking. They also understand the importance of adequately minimizing
the health implications that can be caused by such fire outbreaks. The responsibility of the body
which deals with fire control will fully implement the Oklahoma forestry code which was written
with an intention to curb the fire menace. The agency will notify the relevant authorities of a fire
occurrence long before the effects spread so much (Gade, M., 2018). It will also work closely
with the people involved in the drilling process to minimize the smoke produced in the process
OKLAHOMA STATE REGULATION AND FEDERAL REGULATION 6
and effectively discuss the benefits of managing smoke as well as provide the information that is
necessary for assisting the efforts of the DEQ.
Hydraulic fracturing contributes to the release of the natural gas by injecting the water
that is highly pressurized with some sand as well as some small amount of chemicals through a
deep well which is lined with pipes and adequately sealed with cement. Hydraulic fracturing is a
method which is employed in this process to crack a formation in the subsurface and provide a
path which is more comfortable for the fluids to pass through (Gade, M., 2018). This mechanism
minimizes the potential damages which can result in air pollution.
Noise in the drilling process can cause a lot of problems and disturbance. For this reason,
Oklahoma has put in place a lot of initiatives to curb the problem of noise pollution in the
drilling process. In the past, the operations of drilling were mainly done in areas with a deficient
population. However today, drilling is done in areas that are densely populated, and noise has
become a severe issue in these places. The control measures that are used to counteract the
menace of sound pollution is to be controlled properly. Efforts to achieve this, however, has not
been much successful because these measures are not usually designed with the environment in
mind (Self, R., 2016). The motors using diesel and the pumps for the mud and the emergency
pressure releases are the main sources of noise in the drilling process.
The control measures for the noise will vary depending on the characteristics of the areas
where the drilling is taking place. There are places that will require an upgrade of the exhaust
mufflers. Other areas will require noise barriers, acoustic enclosures, and others measures to bar
the noise from reaching the inhabitants of the region. Permanent barriers may be considered to
OKLAHOMA STATE REGULATION AND FEDERAL REGULATION 7
control the noise in the sites which will require a consistent operation when mitigation arises.
Other sites can be taken care of by the use of temporary barriers such as coated canvas materials
(Self, R., 2016). Depending on the area where the drilling is done, a suitable control measure will
After the well is used up, it is essential that the land is restored to the normal state. The
restoration strategies include filling the casing with cement and unmounting the wellheads, pump
jacks, the tanks, the pipes and all the facilities which were used in the drilling process. The
wastes which are present in these sites also need to be disposed of accurately and the location is
restored to the condition it was before drilling was done. Bioremediation is one mechanism
through which restoration is done. This is applicable in the sites where the land has been
contaminated with molecules of hydrocarbon. Recycling is another way that Oklahoma
Corporation uses to carry out reclamation. It is a creative approach through which the wastes are
not carelessly disposed of, but they are used for other purposes. The cuttings which are made
from the well can be used accordingly to create useful materials such as bricks. In that manner,
the wastes will be effectively removed from the surface (Johnston, D., 2016). The sunken
platforms can be used as ponds or water reservoirs which eliminates the need to sink more dams
and wells. Through these mechanisms, drilling can be seen as more productive than destructive.
OKLAHOMA STATE REGULATION AND FEDERAL REGULATION 8
Al Atwah, I., Puckette, J., Pantano, J., Arouri, K., & Moldowan, J. M. (2017). Organic
Geochemistry and Crude Oil Source Rock Correlation of Devonian-Mississippian Petroleum
Systems in Northern Oklahoma.
Roach, T. (2018). Oklahoma earthquakes and the price of oil. Energy Policy, 121, 365-373.
Foster, J., & Eckstein, G. (2016). Framework of Surface and Ground Water in Oklahoma and
Texas: Perspectives for Oil and Gas Development.
Gade, M. N., Maguire, K., & Makamu, F. (2018). OKLAHOMA OIL AND NATURAL GAS
SEVERANCE TAXES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. Journal of Business Strategies, 35(1).
Gade, M. N., Maguire, K., & Makamu, F. (2016). Oklahoma Oil and Gas Severance Taxes: A
Comparative Analysis (No. 1701). Oklahoma State University, Department of Economics and
Legal Studies in Business.
Self, R., Atashnezhad, A., & Hareland, G. (2016, September). Reducing drilling cost by finding
optimal operational parameters using particle swarm algorithm. In SPE Deepwater Drilling and
Completions Conference. Society of Petroleum Engineers.
Johnston, D., & Whitacre, B. (2016). The Influence of Oil and Gas on Local Sales and Use Tax
Receipts: Evidence from Oklahoma Panel Data. In 2016 Annual Meeting, February 6-9, 2016,
San Antonio, Texas (No. 230091). Southern Agricultural Economics Association.