Racism is a global challenge that is as a result of ignorance that distinguishes people according to their skin complexion. It is a serious problem whose solution can only be through education. Racism refers to the opinion on the superiority or inferiority of an individual to another about the skin color (“About Racism: Levels of Racism”). Racism also refers to the perception that people hold that an individual’s moral traits have predetermination by the inborn biological traits. Others define racism as the belief in the importance of some races compared to others. Currently, it is a major challenge in every country. It emanates from various cultural values, ethnic backgrounds, and physical appearance. Conflict may erupt on racism when there is a feeling from the majority group that various cultures and values of the minority population result in deviance among the society. Racism is one of the most critical issues that need the attention of the people to fight. This paper will discuss racism in current society. It will identify some of its causes and effects. Finally, it will identify the approaches and strategies necessary to counteract the vice.
There are various causes of racism. First, some individuals discriminate others because of stereotypes. The stereotype is an ancient issue like human culture. It refers to the opinion that individuals hold against others by associating them with given characteristics. The media promote stereotype by exposing people to some false information about people from other races. Exposure to such false information makes people hate others with passion without reason (“Environmental Causes of the Achievement Gap: Community, Racism, and Individual Differences”). When an individual receives negative things from a group of people from a similar race, such a person will have a negative attitude towards the race hold stereotypy. Some parents also teach their children to discriminate other races. This will make the children develop a racist attitude that is difficult to change during their adulthood.
Secondly, unfamiliarity has led to racism. It refers to unusualness which is a consequence of not being familiar with a given material. When a person has never encountered a particular race before, there are higher chances that such individual will racist other unfamiliar groups. A person that has negative stereotypes will also practice racism towards the unfamiliar individual. For example, the parents feed their children with negative stereotypes on different races they are not familiar with (“Environmental Causes of the Achievement Gap: Community, Racism, and Individual Differences”). The children will follow these ideas tat their parents teach them and in future practice racism. It is important to expose children to other races to have experience with such people and avoid the negative attitude people may have towards such races. They will be able to determine any false ideas that people hold against some races.
Finally, ignorance results in racism. Ignorance refers to a lack of knowledge or education. The current 21st century should experience a reduction of the challenge of racism. People lack the knowledge to recognize other races. They despise other races without an attempt to discover more about them. This is shameful in the current digital society with learned individuals. Some people grow in places where some races do not exist. When they come across different races in the future, they will discriminate them and feel threatened (Gilligan). Others get negative information about the other races which are cannot be proved. It is important to educate people by creating public awareness to equip them with the knowledge to live with other races in society.
There are many effects of racism on society. First, it can lead to the death of an individual. It can kill a person because of the results of hurt feelings that a discriminated individual along racial lines faces. A racism victim feels alienated and views life as meaningless. Such an individual finds a solution in committing suicide. Many people die because of discrimination they face in society. Sometimes they intentionally involve in criminal acts to justify the perception of the society about them. For example, black people are despised and associated with criminal activities. When a black person stands at a corner, a white individual perceives the person as a member of a gang whose intention is to commit criminal acts. It not possible to determine an individual by the physical appearance.
Secondly, the relationship among some nations is poor as a result of racism. Some countries mistreat individuals following their skin color. In some nations, individuals have faced torture and deportation. Others are forced to do activities that are harmful to heath and even used as a specimen for testing drugs before delivery to the market (Gilligan). The mistreatments that these individuals receive lead to enmity between the conflicting races. The result is wars and drawbacks in development. There will be no cooperation, and sometimes it can lead the war. In some countries where there are racists, people fear to carry out businesses which can help in developing the country.
Finally, in America prison, racism has led to an encounter of assaults on staff in the administration. The American prison administration staff experience the wrath of racially discriminated inmates that range from violation of rules and regulation to assault. The loathing racial environment makes the prisoners more hostile when they see a white individual. This result in more criminal accusations which lead to additional charges, loss of moral conduct, and an additional prison sentence that arise from other criminal activities an individual does during the constrain (Gilligan). The prison staff finds it difficult to deal with these racially charged prisoners. Instances of riots have been experienced in some of the prison institutions where racial segregation is prevalent.
However, there some strategies that can help to avoid racism in the current society. Some of these approaches are applicable at an individual level while others require the collective effort of the society. It is important to implement policies by the international organization that is concerned with human rights. The policies should offer protection to different races in various countries. All the races should be represented during making these policies to ensure the protection of rights of every race (Dwivedi and Iyer). This will make people recognize each other equally and care for the welfare of the other. Moreover, it is essential to carry out awareness on the importance of peaceful coexistence to avoid ignorance which sometimes results in racism. Parents have the responsibilities to bring up children in a way that they will be able to recognize other races. They should gain exposure to other races which will give them the experience to avoid racism in the future. Courtiers should encourage cooperation and protect individuals from other races from exploitation. This will make the citizens protect foreign individuals from racial segregation.
Racism is a global issue that needs collective effort of all nations in the world to mitigate its impact. It results from the ignorance is still existing among some groups of people in different countries. Other people discriminate other races because of stereotypes and unfamiliarity that exist among them. Exposing individuals to different races for recognition is important. People should avoid hearsay about some races to avoid stereotypy. Racism can lead to the death of frustrated individuals. It has can also result in conflict among nations which can lead to war. In America, racism has led to riots in some prison institutions where some of the staffs are assaulted. The prisoners become hostile and engage in additional crimes leading to further charges. Avoiding racism through the application of the positive approaches is necessary. International bodies should implement policies that focus on the protection of races in various countries (Hill). It is also important to carry out awareness to make the public aware of the negative effects of racism.
“About Racism: Levels of Racism.” PsycEXTRA Dataset, 2012.
Dwivedi, Atul K., and Parameswar K. Iyer. “Therapeutic Strategies to Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease Pathogenesis Using A Fluorescent Conjugated Polyelectrolyte.” Macromolecular Bioscience, vol. 14, no. 4, 2013, pp. 508-514.
“Environmental Causes of the Achievement Gap: Community, Racism, and Individual Differences.” The Educator’s Handbook for Understanding and Closing Achievement Gaps, pp. 123-134.
Gilligan, Chris. “Anti-racism and disavowed racism.” Manchester University Press, 2018.
Hill, Shirley A. “Race, racism, and health outcomes.” Policy Press, 2017.