Motivating the Contemporary Workforce
A foundation was laid by scholars to enable managers to understand how their workers
can be motivated. Theories have come up that have helped us to understand better on how to
motivate workers at different places of work. There are four theories that have been used to
explain this. We have various approaches that can be used to explain this such as expectancy
which talks about the different beliefs of individuals, the equity theory which talks about how
employees can be treated at workplaces and the goal-setting theory which talks about members
of an organization setting up their goals (Gitman et al., 2020).
The expectant theory is the best supported among the four. This one is majorly explaining
the relationship between motivating employees and how they behave. The expectant theory
explains that how an individual action in a particular way may be a determining feature on how
he or she believes. How an employee is treated depends on the relationship with their employers
and other employees in the workplace. If the relationship is good, it is an advantage to the
This theory is now based on individuals’ point of view about how fairly they are treated
compared with their co-workers. Your determination at an organization depends on how you feel
compared to other employees in the workplace. In a workplace, employees would quickly
determine how much their output is by just based on aspects such as the work rate, their level of
education, their occupation and many other different factors that can be considered. If the
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employee's experience in a particular profession is good, he or she will produce better results.
Otherwise, the results will not be as good as expected.
This one refers to whereby an employee sets a specific goal that he or she needs to achieve after
a certain amount of time. This helps the employee to know how much effort needs to be put in to
get the required output on time. This helps the organization as employers are always committed.
I have personally learnt that there are different ways of motivating workers in the
workplace. How better workers do their jobs depend on how the employer treats them. Also, how
an individual act in a particular way may be a determining feature on how he or she believes and
on whether the individual values that outcome.
These theories do have their weaknesses, for instance, in equity theory, different
employers to different tasks and at a different rate. They also work a different amount of jobs
assigned to them. In such a case, it will be very unfair to pay employers the same amount of
money. For example, it will be unfair to pay a secretary the same amount as the manager since
they perform different tasks.
In my workplace, these theories do exist. For instance, all the workers are subjected to the
same amount of salary. These prevent conflicts that can arise and therefore increasing the
working capability of the workers. It also makes sure that peace prevails. Learning this topic will
help me in future so that in case I own a place of work, I will know how to distribute salary to
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Working and Performing in Groups and Teams
In a team, people are assigned different roles and tasks to carry out. The roles given are
shared equally among the team members. These tasks are always related. For it to be successful,
each member must contribute.
Teams in Workplaces
In businesses, most tasks are accomplished by teams of individuals working together.
Employees must have the skills to develop quality works. This will enable the business to
produce better results.
The Purpose of Teams
Different organizations from different teams accomplish various tasks within and outside
the organization. Teams help to share ideas. Those who have low skills gain them from other
experts. This leads to the development of new products as well as new professions in the job
Characteristics of Effective Teamwork
For team work to be active and be capable of achieving the goals that it set, each member
should play his or her role. For instance, for a team to produce higher profits in a company, each
member of the team must work hard to raise money for the company. The team should always
be ready to finish its projects on time. This will significantly help to raise funds for the company,
thereby increasing its profits. A good team must include a team leader. Also, a team needs to
comprise of members who are active and are ready to work with others. Few members of a team
should not be a burden to others.
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The Role of Teams
The main motive of a team is to share ideas, skills, resources and achieve the objectives
of a given organization. The output of a team will always be greater than that of an individual.
This is because, in a team, new ideas are always gained. In case an individual could have made a
mistake while alone, the team working helps to prevent such. Team working is increasingly
becoming many organizations solution to projects. This helps in increasing the organizations
I have learnt that teams are essential for various reasons. First, teams and groups help us
share ideas both in school and workplaces. For example, in a company, a team can be formed by
a supervisor to investigate something. This can quickly be done since the members of the team
will divide roles among themselves and work on them, therefore, making it more manageable
and faster, compared to an employer doing it all by his own.
Even though groups and teams are essential, they do possess various weaknesses. For
instance, a team can have a member who does not cooperate. Such member derails the objectives
of the group, therefore, leading to poor delivery of services. Also, groups can bring hatred among
members in case of a disagreement among them.
This topic has helped me to know how to work in groups and teams at my workplace and
making it easier to produce the best services. In future, I will be able to organize and work with
teams with the help of the knowledge learned in this topic.
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Metaphors for Organizations
A metaphor is a connection of different ideas that are combined to reach a one set
objective. There are various types of metaphors for a given organization. They include machines,
organisms, brains, cultural systems and political systems (NOBL Academy, 2020). Metaphors
help us to know various ways of seeing organizations. They also help us to understand ourselves
and the people around us. Here we are going to discuss some of these metaphors and their
importance in organizations.
Organization as Machine
This is a metaphor in which people always see an organization or organizations as a
machine. They always expect neatly done and always seek how to change people to fill their
roles. They also expect that there are those reasons that will always outshine others. In
leadership, it means that the leaders are the brains while the workers are the machines. Leaders
tell workers what to do, and they have to follow. Workers are only used as objects to perform
Organization as a Cultural System
There are those people who see organizations as things to do with the culture. These
people are always concerned with how the norms, how different beliefs are shared and various
ritual organizations. They are always want to view themselves and are interested in being holy
employees. These are the people who genuinely believe in certain cultural activities and norms.
In short, they have their cultures at heart. This metaphor means that cultural systems are systems
that are favoring traditions. It forces the organization to start believing in certain norms. In
leadership, it means that leaders should be ready to embrace the culture.
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Organization as Political System
There are also those people who are always interested and see organizations to be
different political bases. These people mainly want to gain power and influence. They see their
workmates in different positions. They always know that they are above their employees, and
therefore they see them as their supporters. They will always want to be recognized superior by
their employees. These same people view their fellow employers as either their political friends
or political enemies. In terms of leadership, this metaphor explains why leaders like to be seen as
superior and always wants to draw attention from their juniors. This brings leaders who are just
one-minded and are perceived even over their long-term performance. In an organization, the
metaphor assumes that anyone who can win a political seat can be able to bring change in an
organization or a community. In a real sense, there are those leaders who won legislative seats
but failed to respond to issues within the society.
Learning this cause has helped me know how to use metaphors at my workplace. I have
learned that there are various ways of conducting myself at my workplace. Metaphors help us to
know multiple methods of seeing organizations
These metaphors are sometimes successful but fail at other times. For example, when
there are differences in terms of political ambitions, these metaphors help a lot. However, it fails
when competition arises, or there is any change which sends a threat to the organization or the
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This topic has helped that in future, I will be able to choose well which metaphor to use
at my place of work regarding the people I will be working with.