Information is something that is very important in the life of a human being. It is
necessary to collect and store data from daily experiences as well as what people read from the
books. This process of the successful store of knowledge in the memory of any human being is
interrupted at some point if an accident occurs. The effect of the accident can result in two
possible conditions which are quite disastrous and detrimental to the health of a person,
particularly concerning memory. The two states that lead from an accident are Retrograde
Amnesia or Anterograde Amnesia which are two opposites.
Retrograde Amnesia is a type of memory loss which affects the previous information that
was not permanently stored in the memory. What happens in such a case is that the mind was in
the process of consolidating the data so that it could save such a piece of information properly
but this process was interrupted, and therefore the process could not continue any further (Ryan,
2015). The memories which were in the process of being restored are lost permanently as a result
of that occurrence. One effect that results from that is induced seizure which in most cases tends
to ease depression.
The opposite of Retrograde Amnesia is Anterograde Amnesia which does the opposite
effect of what Retrograde Amnesia does. It results in the loss of memory forward from the time
when the accident occurs. The people with this effect have difficulty in remembering anything
that is new. The impact of this amnesia is that people tend to have conversations which are
repetitive over time (Cassel, 2016). These people tend to tell the same stories over and over
again, and they tend to ask similar questions in about twenty minutes.
RETROGRADE AND ANTEROGRADE AMNESIA 3
Compare the effects of Retrograde and Anterograde Amnesia.
RETROGRADE AND ANTEROGRADE AMNESIA 4
Cassel, A., & Humphreys, K. (2016). Psychological therapy for psychogenic amnesia:
Successful treatment in a single case study. Neuropsychological rehabilitation, 26(3), 374-391.
Ryan, T. J., Roy, D. S., Pignatelli, M., Arons, A., & Tonegawa, S. (2015). Engram cells retain
memory under retrograde amnesia. Science, 348(6238), 1007-1013.