Worst outcome- Ratification of a treaty leads to legal obligations and consequences in the international level, for this reason the senate needs to carefully consider the decision to ratify. The worst outcome for the senate is having to change national laws so that they comply with international requirements. This decision will be against the wishes of the president.
Ratification leads to changes to government policies, effecting this change is costly because it requires people to be trained and sensitized on the new systems. The ICESCR has a provision on periodic reporting on the compliance of the treaty by member states. Therefore, the worst outcome for the senate will be ratifying the treaty as is.
The best outcome- The best outcome for the senate is to ratify the treaty, however, with reservations that suit the country.
The Flushington presidency
Worst Outcome- The worst outcome for the presidency will be the loss of trust and faith from the international community on his ability to lead the country. Luck of proper leadership may also lead to an uprising in the country which may lead to impeachment. International backlash on the state of Flushington may lead to reduced trade which leads to poor economic performance.
Best Outcome- The best outcome for the presidency is gaining favor of both wealthy Flushington oligarchs and the citizens, this will show the international community that the country does not mistreat her workers.
The Flushington industry
Worst Outcome- The worst-case scenario is a strike effected by trade unions, which leads to instability and poor performance in their businesses. The international pressure may affect trade with the international community.
Best Outcome- The best outcome will be coming up with an all-inclusive framework that will benefit the industry, the citizens and the state as well. A stable nation leads to stable businesses.
Worst Outcome- The worst outcome will be despite all the outcry and international appeal for Flushington to fail to ratify the treaty.
Best Outcome- The best outcome will be the ratification of the treaty which will show that the NGOs have performed their duties.
Upon ICESCR’s ratification, what reservations or declarations, if any, would each of the groups support?
The purpose of reservations is for a state to participate in a treaty, which it would otherwise not be a party to due to an unacceptable provision or provision. Reservations are statements meant to modify or exclude the legal effect of unwanted provisions.
The NGO would prefer the treaty to be ratified in totality without any ratifications or declarations.
The Industry of Flushington would prefer that Article 8 which is about trade unions to not be ratified and sub sections of Article 7.
The presidency and Senate would be comfortable placing a reservation on Article 8 as this would please the industry and the citizens a win-win situation.
An example of a reservation that the senate would suggest;
“The Government of Flushington states that it reserves the right to postpone the application of Article 8 of the covenant and shall be in conformity with the constitution of Flushington.”