A. The main argument of the author
The author of the article argues that the American society despite legalizing interracial
marriages in 1967, still feels that there is a lot that needs to be done. This is because racism is
still being practiced in the American society though not publicly but it still exists. The author
trues to explain the challenges that multiracial people face as they try to establish their identity in
a hostile environment. The author intends to do this by exploring racial identity,
conceptualization of race and racial identification by examining the social experiences of
individuals who are multi-racial.
1. Main purpose of the Article
The title of the article for review in this paper is “When Race Becomes Even More
Complex: Towards Understanding the Landscape of Multiracial Identity and Experiences.” The
main message that the article is passing to the readers is that the increase of people from a
multiracial heritage origin calls for the society to pay attention and have an understanding of the
consequences and experiences which come along with being a minority group. This is because
these people for an extended period have undergone racial stigmatization and discrimination.
The article acts as a wakeup call for society to embrace diversity.
2. The most important information in the article
The most important information in the article is the issue of multiple racial identity which
has for an extended period been theorized. In the article an important question was raised by the
TOWARDS UNDERSTANDING MULTIRACIAL IDENTITY 3
theory of Rockquemore on the consequences of racial identity. The perception of multiracial
people was also addressed. The article has also shed some more light into the issue. There are
stereotypes that, even in the current modern times, are still discriminating against people due to
their race or ethical background. However, as early as 1967, the government of the United States
had learned the benefits associated with diversity, and as a result, it was made into law to allow
interracial marriages (Shih & Sanchez, 2009). This indicated that the society was shifting in the
right direction, and it has been the case even today. Thus the most important lesson is that war on
racial discrimination will be won.
2. Results and main conclusion of the article
Results for main conclusion, were, the multiracial people felt worse about themselves and
this affected them in the sub-sequent intellectual tasks. This was because they felt less valued
and recognized in the society which causes negative moods and poor performance. The article
shed light on the state of affairs of multiracial communities academically. The authors of the
article indicate that white newspapers view the movements against race as a way of color losing
meaning. In this context, they refer to the white color losing its supremacy to the black color. But
this is not the case. The whites might have perceived it that way, but in simple terms, what the
article advocates are equal rights for all people in the United States. The article wants Americans
to have a united society that can work as a team towards the economic goals of the country.
3. Main Assumptions and Biases
Assumptions in the article were racial category construction and racial identification.
These made the author think that the society would come to the realization that the minority
deserves their position in the society too. The authors of the articles fail to acknowledge that
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there is still a slippery slope between races in the United States. This is evident when multiracial
identity leads to the controversy surrounding the movements for multiracial. This has made
scholars be pushed to new perspectives and understandings for them to face the implications of
race-related policies (Shih & Sanchez, 2009). Addressing these biases will never be an easy task.
This is because there are people in the society others in authority too who seem not to understand
why races should be treated equally, posing a significant challenge.
4. Implications of adopting the ideas of the Author
The authors take the opportunity to challenge the society for not fully accepting diversity.
But the author first acknowledges the work that has been done over the years to ensure that racial
discrimination is eradicated in the United States, for example, is the acceptance of interracial
marriages. If society backs the authors, everyone in the American community would feel
accepted and be proud of their country. The country would immensely benefit from innovation
and ideas generated as a result of diversification. Thus the country will always have an edge.
5. Ethical Issues
No ethical society would support racial discrimination. Racial discrimination has been
outlawed in many states in America. This was after the state, and the federal government could
no longer ignore the contribution of the minority groups to the prosperity of the country. Racial
discrimination also leads to the violation of human rights. America is among the top nations
championing for human rights, and its image could be tarnished on the global scare if they failed
to make things right at home. An ethical society is considerate of the rights of everyone
regardless of their origin or color.
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6. Sociological Topics learned in Class
The article is well connected to a number of sociological topics that we have learned in
class. Some of these topics include; effects of racism and gender inequality. Racism has been a
controversial topic for an extended period. This is because even after the society saw the need to
provide more opportunities to everyone despite their background, there is still a lot that has to be
addressed. Minority groups were denied quality education. This makes the lack the skills and
expertise to work in top positions. As a result, they need first to take lesser positions and learn
from those in superior positions so that they can be entrusted with bigger tasks. Quality of
services to be delivered cannot be compromised since the society wants to make everyone feel
accommodated. This issue is still debatable, but we have to be prudent when giving positions.
Apart from racial discrimination, women are the other group that for an extended period
has been maltreated. This has been through being offered limited opportunities in their
workplaces, taking lesser roles despite their qualifications, and receiving less pay. This was still
discrimination, not on race but gender. The situation even got worse for women from minority
groups. The article addresses these factors and demands for better treatment for all in American
society. Gender inequality has created a lot of ethical issues in many workplaces with the
government due to the pressure of feminists groups making legislative laws that women should
receive better pay and equal to that of their male counterparts in the same job classification. This
way, women would not feel exploited and will be motivated to be more productive, which will
increase the services that they offer at their workplaces. This would make them feel appreciated.
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Shih, M., & Sanchez, D. T. (2009). When race becomes even more complex: Toward
understanding the landscape of multiracial identity and experiences. Journal of Social
Issues, 65(1), 1-11.